By Bob Wilkin
In a recent blog, I indicated that there are over 100 passages in the Bible which say that the one and only condition of everlasting life is believing in Jesus.” That led to an email from one of our blog readers:
I love your statement, “There are over 100 passages in the Bible which say that the one and only condition of everlasting life is believing in Jesus.” And I have known that for a long time, but it would be nice, a nice tool,if we had a list of where all those places are in the Bible. For as you well know, for most thathasto be an incredible statement, like show me to believe it. I am wondering if you could put out there on a blog those 100 passages.
Well, I happen to have such a list. But before I give it, let me give some explanation.
Lewis Sperry Chafer famously said there are over 150 verses in the New Testament that clearly say that everlasting life (or justification) is solely based upon a person’s belief or faith in Jesus Christ (Systematic Theology, Volume 3, Soteriology, p. 376).
I have found the number is slightly lower, depending on how we count. Obviously,a passage which repeatedly refers to faith-alone for regeneration could be countedas one passage or multiple verses. Examples include John 3:14-18; 4:10-26; 5:24-47; 6:26-58; 11:25-27; Rom 4:1-6; Gal 3:6-14; 1 John 5:9-13. (There is even one verse, Gal 2:16, which three times in the same verse says that justification is by faith and not by works. Is that one or three references? I counted it as one.) I have taken a sort of middle of the road approach to such passages, counting them as more than one in many cases, but often less than the number of verses involved.
If we are looking for texts that explicitly say that the one who believes in Jesus has everlasting life (or is saved or is justified), the number is around seventy-four. If we include fifty-five texts which implicitly say that (for example, saying that someone is born again by the Word of God, but not specifically mentioning faith in Christ), the number rises to 129.
Note that in some of the seventy-four definite versesfaith is not specifically indicated as faith in Christ. Ephesians 2:8-9 is a famous example: “For by grace you have been saved[made alive, v 5] through faith…” Since in such cases it is clear based on the context that the author means faith in Christ, I have included these.
Seventy-Four Verses Which ClearlyTeach Faith Alone
Genesis has one: 15:6. In light of Gen 15:1-5, John 8:56, Rom 4:3, and Gal 3:6, this text clearlyteaching justification by faith alone in the coming Messiah, who is Jesus.
Matthew and Mark have no verses which explicitly teach faith-alone.
Luke has one explicit verse on faith-alone: 8:12: “The devil comes and takes away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved.”
John has at least eighteen clear texts on faith-alone, though the number could realistically be much higher: 1:12; 3:15, 16, 18, 36; 4:10-14, 25-28; 5:24, 39-40; 6:35, 37, 39-40, 47; 10:24-30; 11: 25, 26; 12:36, 46-47 (compare v 50); 20:31.
Acts has seven clear faith-alone texts: 10:43 (compare Acts 11:14); 11:17; 13:39; 15:9, 11; 16:31; 26:18.
Romans has nineteen: 3:22, 24, 26, 27, 28, 30; 4:3, 5, 9, 11, 13, 16, 22, 24; 5:1; 9:30, 33; 10:4, 10 (“For with the heart one believes unto righteousness [=justification]”).
First Corinthians has only one clear: 1:21, “to save those who believe.”
Second Corinthians has two clear texts: 5:1-5, 8.
Galatians has a dozen clear texts: 2:16 (“justified…by faith in Jesus Christ”); 3:2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 14, 22, 24, 26.
Ephesians has two clear: 1:13; 2:8 (compare 2:5).
Philippians has one clear text on faith-alone: 3:9 (“the righteousness which is from God by faith”).
1 Thessalonians has one: 5:10 (“whether we watch or sleep, we should live together with Him”).
First Timothy has one clear: 1:16, “I [am] …a pattern to those who are going to believe on Him for everlasting life.”
Second Timothy has two clear texts: 1:12 (Paul knows he will be with the Lord and will be rewarded by Him for the work he has done); 3:15.
Hebrews has three clear: 4:3; 10:10, 14.
1 John has two texts that clearlyteach faith-alone: 5:1, 9-13.
A few of those seventy-four do not explicitly mention faith in Christ. However, the context brings that out, so I included them. See 2 Cor 5:1-5, 8; 1 Thess 5:10; Heb 10:10, 14, as examples. If we were to be very narrow in our list, the number would be around sixty-nine.
Fifty-Five Implicit Faith-Alone Verses
Matthew, Mark, and Luke have six implicit faith-alone messages. In all six places the Lord Jesus, after healing someone, says, “your faith has saved you.” Those verses are Matt 9:22; Mark 5:34; 10:52; Luke 8:48; 17:19; 18:42. The Lord might have simply been referring to physical healing. However, it is quite possible that He was referring both to physical healing and eternal salvation.
John has fifteen implicit faith-alone texts: 1:7; 2:23; 4:39, 41, 42; 6:29; 7:38-39; 8:24, 30-31; 11:15; 14:6; 17:20, 21; 19:35; 20:29.
Acts has nineteen possible implicit faith-alone texts: 3:16; 4:4, 12; 8:12, 13 (compare v 17); 9:42; 11:14, 21; 14:1, 23, 27; 15:7; 17:4, 12; 18:8, 27; 19:4; 20:21; 21:25.
Romans has one: 11:6.
Second Corinthians has one: 4:4.
Galatians has one: 2:21.
Philippians also has one: 1:29.
First Thessalonians has three implicit: 1:7; 2:10; 4:14.
Second Thessalonians has two implicit: 1:10; 2:12.
First Timothy has one implicit:4:10
Titus has one implicit: 3:5-8.
James has two implicit: 1:18; 2:23.
First Peter has one implicit: 1:23.
Revelationhas one implicit: 22:17.
If you have time, work your way through both lists. You might not agree on each and everyone of the verses I listed there. You may have many more you put on your own list. But the point is clear. There are a lot of verses in the Bible which make it crystal clear that justification/ regeneration/ eternal salvation is gained simply by believing in the Lord Jesus Christ. No works required. He took away the sin of the world at Calvary (John 1:29). All that we need to do is believe in Him in order to have the life which He promises to the believer, ever-lasting life.
Why Is There Resistance to This?
The puzzling question, in light of the evidence cited above, is why anyone in Christianity would deny that justification is by faith alone, apart from works? And why would anyone who calls himself a Christian say that we are justified by faith alone, but true faith is not faith, but is repentance, commitment, and obedience?
The faith-alone message is hard to believe. That is the bottom line. And many if not most people inChristianity are unwilling to believe it. I personally was opposed to this message and unwilling to believe it until one day before my senior year in college a friend, John Carlson, asked me if my view of the gospel might be wrong. That hit me hard. At that moment I became willing to consider whether I was wrong. I told the Lord that. But I also told Him that I had to be convinced by the Bible. After five one-hour sessions debating the faith-alone message with a Cru staff member, Warren Wilke, I came to faith in Christ for everlasting life. I knew I had everlasting life by faith alone and that I could never lose it. What a day of rejoicing that was.
Jesus confronted this very situation of legalists unwilling to believe repeatedly in His ministry in Israel. Here is one of my favorite texts on that issue, one of the definite verses listed above, John 5:39-40. The Lord said, “You search the Scriptures, for in them you think you have eternal life; and these are they which testify of Me. But you are not willing to come to Me that you may have life.” Do you believe? That is, are you convinced that all who simply believe in Jesus for everlasting life have that life? If not, are you willing to believe that? Is it possible your view of the gospel is wrong?
I am so thankful for the witness of John Carlson and Warren Wilke. They convinced me that the faith-alone message is correct. You might say that I’m eternally grateful.
Looks like a thorough job of listing faith (alone) quotes. Of course, faith is foundational, and as you say, is stressed over and over in scripture, and is essential for salvation.
I won’t quibble at this stage, but I quote below Chapter XIII of the Council of Trent, which I would imagine, you would fully agree with:
“Council of Trent on Justification:
In what manner it is to be understood, that the impious is justified by faith, and gratuitously.
And whereas the Apostle saith, that man is justified by faith and freely, those words are to be understood in that sense which the perpetual consent of the Catholic Church hath held and expressed; to wit, that we are therefore said to be justified by faith, because faith is the beginning of human salvation, the foundation, and the root of all Justification; without which it is impossible to please God, and to come unto the fellowship of His sons: but we are therefore said to be justified freely, because that none of those things which precede justification-whether faith or works-merit the grace itself of justification. For, if it be a grace, it is not now by works, otherwise, as the same Apostle says, grace is no more grace.”
So at this point, as is testified by the scriptures you quote, faith is not only necessary for salvation, but any works that precede faith, or justification by faith, are useless to gain our salvation.
This far, I would expect, we agree.
Nope, we don’t agree with the Cc. We hold to faith alone, as it really is, as reception of eternal life. John 1:12 “receive”. It is a receiving proposition, not a giving proposition (on us).
John 1:12 “12 But to those who did accept him he gave power to become children of God, to those who believed in his name.”
John 1:12 is a good way to start to express the Catholic position. God gives us the power to become children of God. Indeed, if we respond to the call with faith, and we are baptised, we are “saved”. Mark 16:16 “16 Whoever believes and is baptised will be saved; whoever does not believe will be condemned.”Were we to die at this point, we would go directly to heaven. So far, we are probably not too far apart.
From then on, the major differences surface.